Family planning

About Infertility

pic_content_1.pngIf getting pregnant has been a challenge for you and your partner, you're not alone. Ten to 15 percent of couples in the Lithuania are infertile. Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year — or for at least six months if the woman is age 35 or older.

Infertility may be due to a single cause in either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that may prevent a pregnancy from occurring or continuing. Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies for overcoming infertility. These treatments significantly improve your chances of becoming pregnant.

To become pregnant, the complex processes of ovulation and fertilization need to work just right. For some couples attempting pregnancy, something goes wrong along the way, resulting in infertility.

The cause or causes of infertility can involve one or both partners. In general:

  • In about one-third of cases, infertility is due to a cause involving only the male partner.
  • In another one-third of cases, infertility is due to causes involving both the male and female.
  • In the remaining one-third of cases, infertility is due to a cause involving only the female.


Grazinos Bogdanskienes Fertility Center is open from 8.00am to 7.00pm on weekdays and 8am to 15.00pm on Saturdays.

Consultations are available from Monday to Friday and, by special arrangement, on Saturday mornings.


To arrange an appointment for a consultation, please email or use the contact form or call Admissions on 00 370 5 261 4226.

A referral letter from your GP or specialist would be helpful but is not essential. Your referral letter can be sent to us prior to consultation or brought with you on the day.



A spermogram is a male fertility test that checks the quantity and quality of your partner’s sperm. Your partner will be asked to go to a  clinic to provide his semen in a clean environment, and a clinical analysis will be performed on the quantity and quality of his sperm. Alternatively, we will offer you to take a sample at home.

A spermogram enables your doctor to assess the following factors:

  • The concentration of the sperm: the number of sperm present in a certain volume of semen (this is usually one millilitre)
  • The motility of the sperm: how well the sperm move forward and how fast they progress
  • The shape of the sperm: the proportion of sperm that are well-formed. It is important to note that it is quite usual to detect some misshapen sperm, even in the most fertile man!
  • The agglutination of the sperm (sticking together): high levels of agglutination would indicate the possible presence of anti-sperm antibodies in the seminal fluid.

If your partner has a low sperm count or low sperm motility, your chances of getting pregnant may be significantly reduced. Timing and frequency of intercourse  is therefore key to conceiving successfully. The state of the art technology used by Grazinos Bogdanskienes Fertility Center identifies the most fertile days of your menstrual cycle  with an accuracy od 99%.

First Visit Examination and Meeting With the Infertility Specialist

When you first meet with your doctor, she will want to discuss every single aspect of your past that relates to your current health, so make sure you read up on your health history. Topics that will be covered include your menstrual history (have you ever had irregular periods? How long do your periods last?); your surgical history; whether or not you’ve been pregnant before; what type of birth control you have used; if you have ever had a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or a pelvic infection; your family health history and details about your sex life.

Your doctor will also likely have some questions about your health; if there have been any significant health issues in the past. It may help to bring your medical records with you to the appointment if the doctor you’re seeing isn’t already familiar with your medical history. Don’t forget to mention any medications you are currently taking or have taken in the past. There will also be some inquiry into your occupational conditions and lifestyle – how much exercise you do, how healthy your diet is, whether you smoke or use recreational drugs or how much alcohol you consume.

Next, there will be a physical exam during which your doctor will check your thyroid for any abnormalities, look for unusual or excessive hair growth as well as perform a breast exam. A pelvic exam will also be done to see if there is any evidence of an infection or abnormality. A sample of your cervical mucus may also be sent off for examination. Your doctor will likely want to order some blood tests to measure your hormonal levels among other things.



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