IUI - Intra-Uterine Insemination
Intra-Uterine Insemination - also known as artificial insemination is a straightforward technique involving the insemination of prepared sperm directly into the uterus at the time of ovulation.The insemination procedure involves depositing sperm directly into the uterus through the cervix via the vagina. As the timing of the insemination is crucial, the female patient's menstrual cycle is monitored to assess the development of the follicles. The sperm is inseminated when ovulation is imminent.
This procedure is a viable option in cases of:
- Unexplained causes of infertility;
- Slight male fertility disorders, such as low level oligoasthenospermia;
- Presence of antisperm antibodies in male sperm.
According to the current statistical data, the fertility success rate of IUI is 6% to 26%, depending on the amount of follicles in female body. One follice signifies a low success rate, while multiple can increase the possibility to 26%. In order to prepare for the procedure, medication to stimulate follicle maturity process and cause ovulation is prescribed. During this treatment, an individual dose of medication is prescribed, depending on the patient. Then the patient's follice growth is constantly monitored in order to avoid any and all potential side effects. This can include vaginal ultrasound and blood hormone level tests. Once the follicles are matured and ovulation is about to occur, the patient is considered ready for IUI insemination. The male patient's sperm is taken, prepared and inseminated on the day of ovulation.